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Flights Rome To Greece
- McClymont, W. G. (1959)
- (in soccer, cricket, etc.) Deliver (a ball) with well-judged trajectory and pace
- (flight) an instance of traveling by air; "flying was still an exciting adventure for him"
- (flight) fly in a flock; "flighting wild geese"
- (flight) shoot a bird in flight
- Shoot (wildfowl) in flight
- The capital of Italy, situated in the west central part of the country, on the Tiber River, about 16 miles (25 km) inland; pop. 2,791,000. According to tradition, the ancient city was founded by Romulus (after whom it is named) in 753 bc on the Palatine Hill; as it grew it spread to the other six hills of Rome (Aventine, Caelian, Capitoline, Esquiline, and Quirinal). Rome was made capital of a unified Italy in 1871
- Used allusively to refer to the Roman Catholic Church
- capital and largest city of Italy; on the Tiber; seat of the Roman Catholic Church; formerly the capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire
- the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church
- An industrial city in northwestern Georgia, on the Coosa River; pop. 34,980
- (roman) relating to or characteristic of people of Rome; "Roman virtues"; "his Roman bearing in adversity"; "a Roman nose"
Ancient Greece from Homer to Alexander: The Evidence (Blackwell Sourcebooks in Ancient History)
With fresh, new translations and extensive introductions and annotations, this sourcebook provides an inclusive and integrated view of Greek history, from Homer to Alexander the Great.
New translations of original sources are contextualized by insightful introductions and annotations
Includes a range of literary, artistic and material evidence from the Homeric, Archaic and Classical Ages
Focuses on important developments as well as specific themes to create an integrated perspective on the period
Links the political and social history of the Greeks to their intellectual accomplishments
Includes an up-to-date bibliography of seminal scholarship
An accompanying website offers additional evidence and explanations, as well as links to useful online resources
During the era of Homer and the Trojan War, the island of Zakynthos formed part of the kingdom of Odysseus, king of Ithaca. The prevailing view now is that its founder was Zakynthos, son of Dardanos, King of Troy. The modern historian P.Chiotis, having investigated the work of past historians, came to the conclusion that the settlers who went to Zakynthos were Arcadians from the Arcadian town of Psophis and argued that Dardanos was of Arcadian origin but had migrated to Asia Minor. From there, his son went to Zakynthos, gave his name to the new city, and called its citadel Psophis. The special talent of the ancient inhabitants in music and their cult of the goddess Artemis were characteristic features of the Arcadians and testify to this link.
After the Trojan War, the Zakynthians gained independence from the kingdom of Ithaca and established a democratic political system. The island was ruled democratically for about 650 years. During this period, Zakynthos flourished, its population grew and its first colony, named Zakantha, was established in Spain. During the Persian Wars, the Zakynthians maintained a neutral stance, but in the Peloponnesian War, they were on the side of the Athenians. Zakynthos was then subjugated by the Macedonians and later by the Romans who gave them some autonomy.
Christianity was propagated on the island in 34 AD either by Mary Magdalen who landed there on her way to Rome or, according to another tradition, by St Beatrice. During the Byzantine period, the island suffered many raids by pirates, aspiring conquerors, and barbarians. The Ionian Islands likewise endured many hardships during the Crusades. Zakynthos, together with the other islands, was captured successively by the Venetians, the Franks, the Angevins, the kings of Naples, and the Tocco family, who were princes of Florence. When the rest of Greece was conquered by the Turks, Zakynthos and the other Ionian Islands were ruled by the Venetians (1484).
During the period of Venetian rule, Zakynthos (which the Venetians called Zante) came under the influence of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment. The Venetians settled and organized the island's capital, constructed the citadel (Castro), and built infrastructure works; thus the new town began to spread beyond the walls of the Castro, outside the ancient settlement of Psophis and down to the coast, where in time a large commercial port came into being. But the Venetians brought with them the typical aristocratic oligarchic political system and the population was divided into nobles, citizens and common people (popolari). This was why, when French republicans arrived on Zakynthos in 1797, they were welcomed enthusiastically. But the French could not solve the island's social or economic problems either, so the Zakynthians sought new protectors. In 1798 the oligarchy returned under the Russians and the Turks (1799-1807). They were succeeded by officials of the French Empire (1807-1814) and finally by the British (1814-1864). The English conquerors took care to modernize the administration and public works. The new ideas of the times and Greece's independence from the Turks created a strong radical movement, whose activity contributed to the union of Zakynthos and the other Ionian islands with Greece on 21vMay 1864, at which time the Greek flag was definitively raised over the island.
HOW TO GET TO ZAKYNTHOS
All year round flights leave daily from Athens West Airport which take approximately 45 minutes. During the tourist season (April to October) there are direct charter connections between Zakynthos and a number of European cities. The airport is situated 2 kilometres from Zakynthos town which is easily accessible.
KTEL Zakynthou, the Zakynthian offices of the national bus company, runs a daily coach service with direct connections to the cities of Athens, Patras and Thessaloniki via a short journey on the Zakynthos-Kyllini ferry, which takes about an hour. The ferry runs approximately every hour during high season and five times a day during the rest of the year. The island of Kefallonia can also be reached from the little port of Agios Nikolas at Volimes.
An Excessively Rare and Magnificent Greek Gold Stater of Syracuse (Sicily), Struck by King Pyrrhus of Epirus During his Abortive Sicilian Expedition, Exceptional Depictions of Athena and Nike in Gold
SICILY, Syracuse. Pyrrhus of Epirus. Gold. Stater. 8.52 g. Ca. 278 B.C.E.
Head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet adorned with griffin on bowl, triple-drop earring and beaded necklace; behind head, small owl in flight; below truncation, A. / YPPOY BAIE. Nike walking left bearing wreath and trophy; in field left, thunderbolt
Condition: Extremely fine.
Kunstfreund sale, 1974, lot 240.
S. Weintraub Collection.
Pyrrhus was the king of Epirus (in northwest Greece), but became famous only as a result of the campaigns he fought outside his kingdom as a mercenary leader. In 281 BC he accepted the invitation of Tarentum to go to Italy and lead the struggle against the emerging power of Rome. Despite his victories, his losses were so great (the origin of the phrase ‘Pyrrhic victory’) that he abandoned his campaign and in 278 BC he crossed to Sicily where he was greeted as a new champion against the Carthaginians. His Sicilian campaign, however, met a similar victory and deadlock, and, after a brief return to campaigning in Italy in 276 BC, Pyrrhus retired to Epirus.
A legacy of his campaigns in Italy and Sicily is a brilliant series of coins, made at the well-established mints there on his behalf. In Sicily gold and silver coins were made in his name at Syracuse (as here). The rare gold staters depict a head of the goddess Athena and a figure of Victory; they are derived from an echo of the designs of another famous conqueror, Alexander the Great. The Syracusan engravers, however, who cut the dies for Pyrrhus’ coins slightly changed the types, giving Victory an oak wreath (the symbol of Zeus Dodona, the principal deity of Epirus) and a trophy. Moreover, the quality of thier die engraving greatly surpassed that of Alexander’s staters.
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